peoria • pekin • east peoria

Common Disorders

APMA Photo

What is a bunion?

A bunion is an enlargement at the base of the big toe caused by a misalignment of the joint. It may be swollen, tender, and painful with the wearing of footgear.

STATISTICS

  • 8 out of 1000 males have a bunion.
  • 38 out of 1000 females have a bunion.
  • 55 out of 1000 people ages 65 or older have a bunion.
  • 63% of patients with bunions see a podiatrist.
  • 1% of entire adult population have a bunion.
  • 4% of people over the age of 65 have had a bunion.

CAUSES OF BUNIONS

  • Heredity
  • Biomechanical abnormalities
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Inflammatory joint disease (arthritis)
  • Trauma
  • Congenital deformities

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

  • Wear a shoe with good support and a wide toe box.
  • Apply cold compresses.
  • Soak the foot in lukewarm water to relieve pain.
  • Use over the counter foot pads.
  • Use over the counter anti-inflammatories.

WHAT WILL A PODIATRIC PHYSICIAN DO FOR YOU?

  • Perform a physical examination of the foot.
  • Perform x-ray evaluation.
  • Recommend padding or taping.
  • Prescribe orthotics as needed.
  • Perform surgery as indicated.

Source: APMA