What is a bunion?
A bunion is an enlargement at the base of the big toe caused by a misalignment of the joint. It may be swollen, tender, and painful with the wearing of footgear.
- 8 out of 1000 males have a bunion.
- 38 out of 1000 females have a bunion.
- 55 out of 1000 people ages 65 or older have a bunion.
- 63% of patients with bunions see a podiatrist.
- 1% of entire adult population have a bunion.
- 4% of people over the age of 65 have had a bunion.
CAUSES OF BUNIONS
- Biomechanical abnormalities
- Neuromuscular disorders
- Inflammatory joint disease (arthritis)
- Congenital deformities
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
- Wear a shoe with good support and a wide toe box.
- Apply cold compresses.
- Soak the foot in lukewarm water to relieve pain.
- Use over the counter foot pads.
- Use over the counter anti-inflammatories.
WHAT WILL A PODIATRIC PHYSICIAN DO FOR YOU?
- Perform a physical examination of the foot.
- Perform x-ray evaluation.
- Recommend padding or taping.
- Prescribe orthotics as needed.
- Perform surgery as indicated.